Adolescent depressive symptoms and subsequent pregnancy, pregnancy completion and pregnancy termination in young adulthood
Forfatter(e): Nilsen, Wendy, Craig A. Olsson, Evalill Karevold, Christina O’Loughlin, Maria McKenzie og George C. Patton
Ei ny norsk-australsk studie peiker på at problemåtferd og rusmiddelbruk i tenåra aukar sjansen for å bli gravid og ta abort som ung vaksen.
To examine relationships between depressive symptoms in adolescence (14-18 years of age) and becoming pregnant, completing a pregnancy (live birth) and terminating a pregnancy in young adulthood (21-24 years of age).
Participants and Design
Data from 1000 females were drawn from a larger sample of 1943 young Australians participating in a longitudinal study of adolescent health and development, followed across 8 waves from adolescence (waves 1-6) to young adulthood (waves 7 and 8).
Main Outcome Measures
Pregnancy, pregnancy completion and pregnancy termination between 21-24 years of age.
We observed a twofold increase in the odds of becoming pregnant in those reporting persisting patterns of depressive symptoms during adolescence (2+ waves); however, after staged adjustment for adolescent antisocial behaviour, drug use and socioeconomic disadvantage, there was no evidence of association. Of particular note, and consistent with previous research, adolescent antisocial and drug use behavior were strongly associated with becoming pregnant and pregnancy termination in young adulthood.
Adolescent antisocial and drug use behavior, not depressive symptoms, independently predict pregnancy outcomes in young adulthood.
Publisert i: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology - Årg. 26, nr 1